Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC)

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What is Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC)?

Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) is a specialised diagnostic procedure commonly used to examine lumps in the neck, including thyroid gland, parotid glands and lymph nodes. It involves using a thin needle and a syringe to pull out cells, tissue and fluids.


During the process, an ENT specialist would identify the area of concern, which might involve palpating the neck to locate the lesion or using ultrasound imaging for more accurate localisation. The skin over the lesion is then cleaned, and a local anaesthetic may be applied to minimise discomfort. A fine, hollow needle would be gently inserted, and suction is applied via an attached syringe to aspirate (suck out) cells and fluid from the lesion.


FNAC is performed within the confines of a clinic setting and may or may not involve local anaesthesia to ensure patient comfort throughout the diagnostic procedure.

When Should You See an ENT Specialist in Singapore?

Please consult an ENT specialist if you are suffering from any ear, nose, or throat symptoms. It is also advisable to visit an ENT doctor if you experience persistent mouth breathing due to a chronic blocked nose or encounter snoring issues.

Dr Ker Liang sees adults and children for general ENT conditions and provides comprehensive management in a broad range of Ear, Nose, and Throat, as well as Head and Neck conditions. In particular, she specialises in treating throat and voice conditions, including persistent sore throat, voice issues, snoring, and Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA).

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Dr Ker Liang
ENT Surgeon

MBBS (S’pore), MRCS (Edin),

Specialising in the diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of conditions affecting the

ENT system, our doctor brings expertise, compassion, and a personalised approach to

every patient interaction. From common concerns such as allergies and sinus issues to

more complex conditions like hearing loss and throat disorders, our ENT specialist is

equipped to address your unique health needs with skill. 

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